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Word Hyphenation Rules

However, a key rule is to separate participles only if the participle you are mixing comes after the name. As with other compound adjectives, hyphenation means that words act as a unit of meaning. For example: In general, you only need the hyphen if the two or more words work together as an adjective before the noun they describe. If the name comes first, omit the hyphen. Use a hyphen to make words with double vowels more readable. For example: The suffix “-like” also needs a hyphen if the letter combination forms two Ls or if the root used is a proper noun. For example: many compound words are combined into a single word or “closed”, such as “shelf” and “race car”. However, there are also many compound adjectives and words that are not combined, and these often use a hyphen to show that they are related. Here are some examples of compound words with hyphens: Hyphens also have other uses in English writing. They don`t always form new words or connect parts of the language. Sometimes they are used for formatting purposes.

Do not separate words at the end of a line. A hyphen (-) combines two words in one sense. Use hyphens in writing as compound nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Example: Rule 5. Use a hyphen with the re prefix if omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word. There are different types of composite modifiers. A type is adjective + noun (or noun + adjective). We usually separate these words with a hyphenation. Here are some examples: However, a hyphen is not necessary if the number is the second word of the compound adjective. A prefix (a, un, de, ab, sub, post, anti, etc.) is a letter or series of letters that precedes a root word. The word prefix itself contains the prefix of the prefix. Prefixes extend or change the meaning of a word, sometimes radically: the prefixes a, un and dis, for example, change words into their opposites (e.g., political, apolitical; friendly, hostile; regular, irregular; Honor, shame).

Use a hyphen for a compound modifier only if the word you want to change comes directly after the modifier. Hyphenated compound adjectives are the most common modifiers. Example: Open compound words include words such as coffee table, dining room, high school, ice cream, and peanut butter. There is a space between these words, but both parts of the word are necessary. Peanut and butter are two different things from peanut butter. Compound modifiers that contain present or past participles follow the same rules as all other compound modifiers. Hyphenated compound words like these are different from compound modifiers because they are nouns that are always hyphenated. They do not act as adjectives or modifiers.

Use a hyphen to separate words and word elements instead of separating statements in parentheses. You should also use hyphenated adjectives if the word you are changing comes after the modifier. It is also correct to use this punctuation mark to indicate lengths and time estimates. It`s also easy with words with prefixes like “quasi” or “psuedo,” for example. A hyphen connects numbers and words, while a hyphen separates them. Many become confused between the two because they are commonly found in non-fiction and fiction, and they have a similar appearance. Prefixes are letters or words that are added to the beginning of a word to form a new word. Normally, we don`t need to add hyphens after prefixes. However, some prefixes require a hyphen.

English also has two types of hyphens, the hyphen and the hyphen. The hyphen (—) is a punctuation mark used between words to separate thoughts or ideas in a sentence. It is the length of two hyphens. Two words that come together to form a compound can be written separately, written in a single word, or connected by hyphens. For example, three modern dictionaries all have the same lists for the following compounds: Compound words are words that consist of two or more words, often nouns, to create a new word. There are open compound words, closed compound words, and hyphenated compound words. What are the rules in the English language for dividing words at the end of a line? If the word you`re writing might be confusing without a hyphen, consider adding an error. You can see in these examples why a hyphen helps keep meaning clear: Using hyphens to join words is easy. Choosing the right words to connect with is a bit more difficult.

Let`s start with compound modifiers. From time to time, you may write a hard-to-read word without a hyphen. This often happens when a prefix pushes two identical letters together. In this sentence, “last minute” is separated into a single adjective because the word that modifies it, “changes,” comes after. Other examples of sentences that use hyphens in compound adjectives include: 8. Use a hyphen with all composite numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine and when writing fractions as words. Use the conjunction “and” instead of a hyphen if the word “between” precedes it. Example: Rule 1a.

Typically, you separate two or more words when they precede a name you`re changing and act as a single idea. This is called a compound adjective. Sometimes the rules contradict each other. For example, ra-tio-nal is separated after a short vowel in a stressed syllable because ti acts as a digraph indicating that the “t” should be pronounced “sh”. Re-collect means collecting again; Without a hyphen, the word remember has a different meaning. 1. Use a hyphen at the end of a line to divide a word where there is not enough space for the entire word. Follow the rules for sharing words correctly. You should also separate words that have prefixes before capitalized words, such as “unAmerican,” “pro-Palestinian,” or “post-depression era.” If possible, add or remove another word from the line so you don`t have to separate first. Technically, hyphens between any two syllables are acceptable.

But it is best to use them between prefixes, roots, and suffixes, if any. In most random documents, hyphens reduce readability and often make documents cluttered, even if they form a nice, neat block. However, in news articles or novels, in places where moving the entire word would affect the form of the document, it is very common to see a hyphenation at the end. Get a copy of “Frankenstein” or “The Magician`s Nephew” and I assure you you will find some. My copy of `Seabiscuit` will be divided between pages tomorrow. If a modifier consists of two words that combine to describe a name, you must use a hyphen. There are a few important points to note: If numbers are used as the first part of a compound adjective, use a hyphen to connect them to the noun that follows them. In this way, the reader knows that the two words function as a unit to modify another name. This is true whether the number is written in words or numbers. Hyphenated words tend to become closed connections (individual words without hyphens) over time. Email instead of email, for example, is becoming more common.

If you`re not sure if a word is a closed connection or a hyphenated compound, check your favorite dictionary. Gap rules are tricky. Some words should be separated, others should never be separated, and still others may be separated but do not have to. Here are some of the basic guidelines for hyphenated words. Examples: Will she recover from her illness? I picked up the couch twice. The omission of the hyphen would lead to confusion with the restoration. I have to press the shirt back. Omitting the hyphen would lead to confusion with deletion.

The stamps have been reissued. A hyphen after re is not necessary because there is no confusion with another word. And for some grape varieties, I can not understand the reason: the principle of maximum appearance would suggest Pa-stry, but the authorities all agree on the pas-try. It may take a bit of practice, but learning the basic rules of hyphen will help you become a better writer. Like all aspects of English grammar, hyphen rules exist for a reason, and they also have some exceptions. Learn how to properly use a hyphen to make your writing look more professional. Knowing when to use a hyphen in a sentence improves your grammar. It allows you to distinguish hyphenated adjectives from open compound words.

This ability also helps you distinguish between a hyphen and a hyphen. 6. Use a hyphen to connect a prefix to a capitalized word. Hyphens can also help readers correctly underline a syllable to avoid confusion with another word. “Re-collect” will tell the reader that you mean “remember” and not “remember” or “remember.” There are other uses of hyphens we use in writing that are not compound words. We`ll cover these examples later in this article. Do not divide a word into syllables if there is only one letter left in the word. Similarly, do not divide the word into syllables if only two letters begin the line. Instead, place the whole word on the next line. Understanding the rules is much easier when you can see them in action.

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